Available courses

Las antiguas culturas china e india practicaban la reflexología. Sin embargo, lo que hoy conocemos como reflexoterapia en Occidente es una práctica que se inició a finales del siglo XIX, cuando médicos de diferentes países comenzaron a compartir sus experiencias trabajando con agujas, presión, aplicación de frío y calor y vibración sobre los pies y las manos para estimular áreas reflejas, observando un impacto directo en diferentes órganos del cuerpo.

Improve your writing skills with our online writing courses or learn more about literary greats with our online literature courses. During  courses (normally lasting 2 hours, subject tutors will give you, and one or two tutorial partners, feedback on prepared work and cover a topic in depth. Rigorous academic discussion develops and facilitates learning in a way that isn’t possible through lectures alone. Tutorials also allow for close progress monitoring so tutors can quickly provide additional support if necessary.

"Ethnopsychiatrists have consistently maintained that the perceptions, inclinations, and behavior of mentally ill persons are never a simple reflection of their illness: the mentally ill tend to behave in some ways in some cultural contexts and in other ways in others. This pathoplasticity shows, we are told, that abnormality is, primarily, the manifestation of a phenotype, not a genotype. Hence, any diagnosis and treatment of the affected individual must be grounded in some knowledge of the environment within which he or she functions. Postulating the existence of such an intimate and harmonious connection between psychopathology and social conditions, however, overlooks a pivotal distinction: while it is true that local norms and values can and do affect most neurotic presentations, those same standards have at best a marginal influence on psychotic reactions. Some pathogenic features are so overwhelming that they will be expressed in any environment. Accordingly, I conclude, we shall have progressed significantly in our understanding of the nature of mental disorders once we begin to associate neuroses with culture and psychoses with biology."


The aim of this study is to understand the workings and dynamics of the ethnotourism sector in the Amazonian South America region so as to increase its potential for employment and income creation through small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Ethno-tourism is a specialized type of cultural tourism and for the purposes of this study is defined as any excursion which focuses on the works of humans  and their environment, and attempts to give the tourist an understanding of the lifestyles of local people.

"Humans represent just one of many species that constitute the planet's biodiversity. Nevertheless, as the dominant species, humans have been the primary agent of the transformation of natural spaces. Therefore, the study of human interactions, biodiversity, and the environment that surrounds them is a basic tool for understanding the factors that bind human societies to natural resources. Within this context, ethnobiology is a promising discipline that can play a key role as a mediator of dialogue between different academic disciplines and traditional knowledge, a union essential in enabling contextualized and sustainable alternatives to exploitative practices and biodiversity management.

Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology introduces the basic techniques and methods traditionally used in ethnobiology and ethnoecology. Comprised of 28 chapters, the book covers the different qualitative and quantitative aspects of ethnobiology research methods, as well as methods from natural and social sciences that will be useful to both beginners and senior researchers. Written by internationally renowned experts in the fields, Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology is a valuable resource for researchers and students interested in ethnobiology." https://www.springer.com/la/book/9781461486350

Ethnoscience (Anthropology)

"Ethnoscience, or the ‘New Ethnography’ as it was often called in the 1960s, consists of a set of methods for analysing indigenous systems of classification, for example, of diseases, species of plants or types of food. Methods have changed through time. In the 1960s the heyday of ethnoscience, componential analysis was the primary method through which ethnoscience was practised, and some practitioners regarded a description of the process of eliciting data and constructing the analysis as equally crucial to the exercise (e.g. Black 1969)." http://what-when-how.com/social-and-cultural-anthropology/ethnoscience-anthropology/