Available courses

"El antropólogo de la salud, Peter Brown (1998), define etnomedicina como la medicina propia de un grupo y de una cultura ya que los sistemas terapéuticos se construyen de acuerdo con las características culturales de los grupos. Si varían éstos, si varían las culturas, variarán también las maneras de entender salud/ enfermedad, las formas de abordar los problemas y las propuestas de soluciones. Así, desde la antigua cultura chamánica en Asia y América indígena, siguiendo un hilo de conexión con los tiempos dentro de las tradiciones, se ha llegado a las medicinas tradicionales. Cada sociedad, desde antiguo, ha desarrollado sus propios sistemas, procedimientos y modos de curar. Eso es etnomedicina. Nuestra sociedad occidental, según Peter Brown, es una más dentro de las que se desarrollan en el planeta y, por tanto, su medicina, la denominada medicina occidental, convencional, alopática, científica y tecnológica es el resultado de la búsqueda de soluciones a los problemas de salud dentro de esta cultura. Es una medicina más, por tanto, en palabras de Peter Brown: una etnomedicina, como lo son la etnomedicina tradicional china, la etnomedicina mapuche, la etnomedicina zapoteca, etc, etc, diferentes, auténticas y adaptadas a las características de sus grupos, sus espacios naturales y sus culturas."

La medicina tradicional como medicina ecocultural
Traditional medicine as eco-cultural medicine
Alfonso Julio Aparicio Mena
Doctorando Programa Antropología de Iberoamérica.

 Universidad Salamanca. Ph. Dr. en Medicina Tradicional

 China (Oxford Int. University).

apamena@terra.es



Las antiguas culturas china e india practicaban la reflexología. Sin embargo, lo que hoy conocemos como reflexoterapia en Occidente es una práctica que se inició a finales del siglo XIX, cuando médicos de diferentes países comenzaron a compartir sus experiencias trabajando con agujas, presión, aplicación de frío y calor y vibración sobre los pies y las manos para estimular áreas reflejas, observando un impacto directo en diferentes órganos del cuerpo.

"Ethnopsychiatrists have consistently maintained that the perceptions, inclinations, and behavior of mentally ill persons are never a simple reflection of their illness: the mentally ill tend to behave in some ways in some cultural contexts and in other ways in others. This pathoplasticity shows, we are told, that abnormality is, primarily, the manifestation of a phenotype, not a genotype. Hence, any diagnosis and treatment of the affected individual must be grounded in some knowledge of the environment within which he or she functions. Postulating the existence of such an intimate and harmonious connection between psychopathology and social conditions, however, overlooks a pivotal distinction: while it is true that local norms and values can and do affect most neurotic presentations, those same standards have at best a marginal influence on psychotic reactions. Some pathogenic features are so overwhelming that they will be expressed in any environment. Accordingly, I conclude, we shall have progressed significantly in our understanding of the nature of mental disorders once we begin to associate neuroses with culture and psychoses with biology."

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0732118X95000115

The aim of this study is to understand the workings and dynamics of the ethnotourism sector in the Amazonian South America region so as to increase its potential for employment and income creation through small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Ethno-tourism is a specialized type of cultural tourism and for the purposes of this study is defined as any excursion which focuses on the works of humans  and their environment, and attempts to give the tourist an understanding of the lifestyles of local people.

"Humans represent just one of many species that constitute the planet's biodiversity. Nevertheless, as the dominant species, humans have been the primary agent of the transformation of natural spaces. Therefore, the study of human interactions, biodiversity, and the environment that surrounds them is a basic tool for understanding the factors that bind human societies to natural resources. Within this context, ethnobiology is a promising discipline that can play a key role as a mediator of dialogue between different academic disciplines and traditional knowledge, a union essential in enabling contextualized and sustainable alternatives to exploitative practices and biodiversity management.

Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology introduces the basic techniques and methods traditionally used in ethnobiology and ethnoecology. Comprised of 28 chapters, the book covers the different qualitative and quantitative aspects of ethnobiology research methods, as well as methods from natural and social sciences that will be useful to both beginners and senior researchers. Written by internationally renowned experts in the fields, Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology is a valuable resource for researchers and students interested in ethnobiology." https://www.springer.com/la/book/9781461486350



Ethnoscience (Anthropology)

"Ethnoscience, or the ‘New Ethnography’ as it was often called in the 1960s, consists of a set of methods for analysing indigenous systems of classification, for example, of diseases, species of plants or types of food. Methods have changed through time. In the 1960s the heyday of ethnoscience, componential analysis was the primary method through which ethnoscience was practised, and some practitioners regarded a description of the process of eliciting data and constructing the analysis as equally crucial to the exercise (e.g. Black 1969)." http://what-when-how.com/social-and-cultural-anthropology/ethnoscience-anthropology/